At the wrong place at the wrong time, foreign object debris will easily cause a workplace injury in both aviation and manufacturing environments. Small rocks thrown into the air by rotor wash can attack you like projectile weapons. Dropping a metal tool into an electrical assembly can electrocute you. Cargo spilling off a loader can put a big dent into your day, not to mention your skull.
That’s why anyone who works around aircraft, repair stations or assembly lines has an immediate and personal stake in a strong Foreign Object Damage (FOD) control program. But a FOD program is successful only if everyone also takes seriously the overall workplace safety of their airport, hangar or shop. Regardless of the hazard, safety comes first.
Ramp areas especially face growing risks of injury, as airlines continue to reduce budgets and increase workloads to remain competitive in a tight air travel market. Some ramp workers are becoming increasingly vocal about their complaints.
At the same time, workers themselves also need to make a personal commitment to behave responsibly, to avoid such preventable accidents as a ground vehicle driver who died in a crash because he failed to attach his seat belt.
In 2012, a ramp agent at Dulles International Airport died when a mobile lounge collided with his much smaller baggage tug. To this day, airport officials and the victim’s family disagree over who was to blame, although the parties involved eventually settled out of court.
Looking at passenger areas, the New York Committee For Occupational Safety and Health (NYCOSH) reports that wheelchair attendants — who help transport mobility-impaired passengers around the airport — complained that they had received no training and often no cleaning materials to handle incidents of attendees leaving blood or other bodily fluids on the chair. In one case, it was reported that employees were forbidden to wear protective gloves, lest it “embarrass” the passengers.
Consider publishing a safety newsletter and distributing it to employees, contractors and tenants. One great example is the Hong Kong Airport Authority’s monthly Airport Safety Bulletin. It provides a useful mix of recent events, such as employee recognition awards, announcements of upcoming audits or drills, reminders of official policy or law, and practical safety tips.
Participate in the FAA’s Safety Management System (SMS) project, whose goal is to create a formal approach to safety management throughout the National Airspace, including identifying hazards, analyzing and mitigating risk, and developing methods for ensuring continuous safety improvement.
The UK’s Health and Safety Executive, which is responsible for workplace safety in Britain, has assembled links to several useful cases studies produced by companies in the air transport industry.
In one study, Air Canada developed a Turnaround Plan for coordinating the separate tasks performed by various individuals and teams during aircraft ground handling operations, which resulted in a steady drop in the accident rate.
In another, a serious accident involving an engineer who fell from a cargo hold brought home the seriousness of Virgin Atlantic’s ultimately successful efforts to designing better maintenance steps (portable stairways) with moveable guardrails.
NYCOSH has recommended (see the link in paragraph five) specific ways that industry employers can improve training and safety conditions in such areas as hazardous materials, infections diseases, and extreme temperatures. For instance, one recommendation calls for a written Exposure Control Plan for eliminating or minimizing employees’ exposure to infectious diseases.
If you have never had the chance to chat with an airport safety officer, this interview with one working at Birmingham Airport in the UK will give you a good idea of the long hours and intense inspections that they must constantly put in to keep the airport operations area safe.
Finally, in some cases you might improve safety with nothing more expensive than improved instructions and a few warning signs. In 2008, an air museum volunteer died after falling off the cargo compartment of a moving aircraft tug. Afterward, the museum painted “NO RIDERS ON BACK OF TUGS” on the backs of its tugs. Here’s hoping that it’s still effective.
Want to learn more? Contact us for guidance in developing your FOD prevention program.